All about Ivisan
I. Name and Origin
The name Ivisan came from the word “Ibis” or small fish which abounds in the place. They are preserved by salting and drying under the heat of the sun.
During the Spanish era, the provincial governor appointed a committee composed of pre-eminent men of the village and Spanish officials to coin the proper name of the locality.
They unanimously agreed to the name “Ibisan” due to the small fish “ibis” and later on officially accepted Ivisan instead of Ibisan because of the preferences of “V” to “B”.
Farming - tilling the lowlands and kaingin the uplands.
Fishing – labay, hudhud, taba, bentol, laya, tapangan, saliwsiwan, and arong.
Buri weaving – ropero, nigo, taklob and taba for fishing.
Salt making – ordinary salt and duldul (hardened baked salt used as viand.
Influence In Our Culture
I. Domestic and Social Life
Pre – Spanish Period
The primitive “taos” build no house but lean to shelter homes and palm of bamboo leaves fastened to a frame to keep out from rain and heat of the sun.
Later, they learned to build houses with wood or bamboos, with thatched roofs above the grounds.
Courtship and Marriage
A man courted a lady and gets the consent of the parents of the girl and proposals of wedding followed. The man had to render service to the parents of the girl called. “PANGGAD” like tilling the fields, pounding rice, fetching water, gathering firewood or building new house.
Pregnancy and Birth
These were accompanied by many superstitions like (a) a pregnant woman should not see an eclipse because the baby will be deformed. (b) If she happened to eat uncooked rice the baby will be dirty inside the womb. (c) If she conceives the fruit of a tree, the fruits will be sour or else the tree will die.
All deliveries were assisted by a “hilot” an unlettered obstetrician. Usually the father assisted the “hilot”. After birth the child was brought and turned around the stove so that he is free from ailment. The umbilical cord was cut by a“tagkis” specie of bamboo.
The natives had no religion, they were pagans. They worshiped the sun, moon, birds, animals, trees, anitos and diwatas.
III. Community Life and Laws
The inhabitants settled along the banks. They lived by fishing and those on the hillside and plains lived by catching wild animals and gathering wild fruits.
The natives formed themselves into tribes of barangays composed of 30 families. They selected a leader called datu or rajah who could lead in time of war of disputes. He also made laws and act as judge.
Domestic and Social Life
Almost the same as in the Pre-Spanish era but still influenced by superstitions. The means of livelihood is the same (fishing and farming).
1815 – The pueblo was established. The first Gobernadorcillo was Don Eugenio Gerardo, appointed by a Spanish friar.
1894 – A new reform in the government called “Reforma Nueva” changed the gobernadorcillo to the Capitan Municipal. Sevillano Quiachon was appointed Capitan Municipal.
1899 – Revolutionary reform changed the Capitan Municipal to Presidente Local. Don Eugenio Villagracia was appointed.
1902 – Capitan Hipolito Vidal was responsible for the construction of the catholic church convent.
1911 – Election of the Municipal President. Pedro advicila was the first President. In his term, the Gabaldon Buildings was constructed.
Historical Events and Social Progress
1901 – American government in Ivisan formally established and run by the American train.
1904 – The road from Capiz was improved and extended to Ivisan. The railroad track was finish and the first train operated from Iloilo to Capiz. Years later, the port of Libas was opened and the boat called “Ligatik” made its first voyage from Manila to Capiz. The Panay Autobus operated for Iloilo, Capiz and Aklan passing Ivisan.
1920 – Philippine copra was exported. Ivisan developed copra industry. Rice produced in lowland areas with the use of plow and Karabao. Mechanized farming in San Juan Sugar Central, Dumalag by Mr. Thomas Ford, Sr. and the convent schools was continued. As early as 1901, the public schools were opened for both young and old. Education was compulsory with English as medium of instruction. Local government enacted laws for the welfare of the people.
Prominent people of the place worth remembering are the following:
- Mayor Felipe Manalo opened a canal to facilitate water transportation to Balaring, Basiao and Cabugao.
- Mayor Catalino Andrada established the Ivisan Elementary School.
- Mayor Pamfilo Mendoza put up the Gabaldon Building.
- Felipe Villagracia rose from rags to riches.
Historical Events and Developments
April 2, 1942 Japanese Imperial forces came to Ivisan, occupied the Poblacion and put up their garrison at the foot of the bridge opposite the church.
The Pattern of living in the community abruptly changed. People left their homes and farms un-cultivated for fear. The Japanese exerted effort to organized a civil government. The pre-war mayor Manuel Villaruz was inducted into office. Norberto Villarde was appointed Chief of Police. Japanese officers ordered teachers to organize classes. The church was used as classrooms. The principal was Martiniano Andrada and the teachers were Mrs. Basilisa Gustillo, Mrs. Marciana Valcarel, Mrs. Consolacion Didulo and Mrs. Nancy Yap.
Mayor Esteban Andrada and Capitan Leon Gamboa exerted effort to organize different army and troops who did not surrendered to the enemies.
In the latter part of the war sometime in 1944 a sporadic guerilla activity in Ivisan aided by the “Hublag Batallion” which succeeded in raiding the Japanese garisson in Luctugan.
The Third Republic
On July 4, 1946, the third Republic of the Philippines was born. It coincided with Independence Day of the United States of America.
Don Manuel Villaruz was Mayor of Ivisan who served as Mayor from 1935-1946. on November, 1947, election was held. Mr. Iluminado Villaruz was elected as mayor of Ivisan. During his term everything returned to normal.
I. GENERAL FEATURES
Ivisan serves as the main gateway of the Province of Capiz to the rest of the Provinces in the Island of Panay.
Ivisan is Located along the northwestern coast of Panay Island at 122o37’37.33” to 122o43’58” east longitude and 11o28’54.68” to 11o5’42.67” north latitude. Bounded by the Municipalities of Sapian on the west, Panitan on the southeast, Sigma on the South, Roxas City on the northeast and Sapian Bay on North. It is 15 kilometers from Roxas City through the national Highway (via Loctugan) and approximately 9 kilometers (via Balijuagan)
1.2 Land Area
Land area is the smallest in the Province with only 5,420 hectares (54.20 sq. kilometers).
1.3 Income Class
Fifth (5th) class municipality with an income of P14, 004,591.90 in 1998.
Climate in the municipality is the third type with unpronounced seasonal changes. It is relatively dry during the months of November to April and rainy during the rest of the year.
1.5 Soil Types
There are four varying soil types: Sapian clay, Luisiana clay loam, Bantog clay and hydrosol.
All Barangays are accessible by land transportations are motorcycle, trisikad, public utility jeepneys and big buses.
Motorized boat is an alternative means of transportation in the coastal barangays.
1.7 Political Subdivision and Topography
The Municipality is divided into 15 barangays; 2 urban and 13 rural. Distances of barangays to Poblacion and topography.
Distances to Poblacion
As of August 1, 2007
1. Poblacion Norte
2. Poblacion Sur
4. Agustin Navarra
10. Maloloc Norte
11. Malocloc Sur
15. Sta. Cruz
Past mayors of Ivisan:
Carmelo Andrada Sr. - Date:
Amelia Yap - Date:
Noel Yap - Date:
The current mayor is Felipe Yap who won in the last 2007 and 2010 elections. He is the brother of former Ivisan mayor Noel Yap (who finished all three terms) and the son of former mayor Amelia Yap.